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SAML authentication

Grafana EnterpriseSAML authentication

SAML authentication integration allows your Grafana users to log in by using an external SAML 2.0 Identity Provider (IdP). To enable this, Grafana becomes a Service Provider (SP) in the authentication flow, interacting with the IdP to exchange user information.

欧洲杯投注软件The SAML single-sign-on (SSO) standard is varied and flexible. Our implementation contains the subset of features needed to provide a smooth authentication experience into Grafana.

Only available in Grafana Enterprise v6.3+. If you encounter any problems with our implementation, please don’t hesitate to contact us.

Supported SAML

Grafana supports the following SAML 2.0 bindings:

  • 欧洲杯投注软件From the Service Provider (SP) to the Identity Provider (IdP):

    • HTTP-POST binding
    • HTTP-Redirect binding
  • 欧洲杯投注软件From the Identity Provider (IdP) to the Service Provider (SP):

    • HTTP-POST binding

欧洲杯投注软件In terms of security: * Grafana supports signed and encrypted assertions. * Grafana does not support signed or encrypted requests.

In terms of initiation: * Grafana supports SP-initiated requests. * Grafana does not support IdP-initiated request.

Set up SAML authentication

The table below describes all SAML configuration options. Continue reading below for details on specific options. Like any other Grafana configuration, you can apply these options as environment variables.

Setting Required Description Default
enabled No Whether SAML authentication is allowed false
certificate or certificate_path Yes Base64-encoded string or Path for the SP X.509 certificate
private_key or private_key_path Yes Base64-encoded string or Path for the SP private key
idp_metadata, idp_metadata_path, or idp_metadata_url Yes Base64-encoded string, Path or URL for the IdP SAML metadata XML
max_issue_delay No Duration, since the IdP issued a response and the SP is allowed to process it 90s
metadata_valid_duration No Duration, for how long the SP metadata is valid 48h
assertion_attribute_name No Friendly name or name of the attribute within the SAML assertion to use as the user name displayName
assertion_attribute_login No Friendly name or name of the attribute within the SAML assertion to use as the user login handle mail
assertion_attribute_email No Friendly name or name of the attribute within the SAML assertion to use as the user email mail

Enable SAML authentication

To use the SAML integration, in the auth.saml section of in the Grafana custom configuration file, set enabled to true.

Refer to Configuration欧洲杯投注软件 for more information about configuring Grafana.

Certificate and private key

The SAML SSO standard uses asymmetric encryption to exchange information between the SP (Grafana) and the IdP. To perform such encryption, you need a public part and a private part. In this case, the X.509 certificate provides the public part, while the private key provides the private part.

Grafana supports two ways of specifying both the certificate and private_key. * Without a suffix (certificate or private_key), the configuration assumes you’ve supplied the base64-encoded file contents. * With the _path suffix (certificate_path or private_key_path), then Grafana treats the value entered as a file path and attempt to read the file from the file system.

You can only use one form of each configuration option. Using multiple forms, such as both certificate and certificate_path欧洲杯投注软件, results in an error.

IdP metadata

You also need to define the public part of the IdP for message verification. The SAML IdP metadata XML defines where and how Grafana exchanges user information.

Grafana supports three ways of specifying the IdP metadata. * Without a suffix idp_metadata, Grafana assumes base64-encoded XML file contents. * With the _path suffix, Grafana assumes a file path and attempts to read the file from the file system. * With the _url suffix, Grafana assumes a URL and attempts to load the metadata from the given location.

Maximum issue delay

Prevents SAML response replay attacks and internal clock skews between the SP (Grafana) and the IdP. You can set a maximum amount of time between the IdP issuing a response and the SP (Grafana) processing it.

The configuration options is specified as a duration, such as max_issue_delay = 90s or max_issue_delay = 1h.

Metadata valid duration

SP metadata is likely to expire at some point, perhaps due to a certificate rotation or change of location binding. Grafana allows you to specify for how long the metadata should be valid. Leveraging the validUntil field, you can tell consumers until when your metadata is going to be valid. The duration is computed by adding the duration to the current time.

The configuration option is specified as a duration, such as metadata_valid_duration = 48h.

Identity provider (IdP) registration

欧洲杯投注软件For the SAML integration to work correctly, you need to make the IdP aware of the SP.

The integration provides two key endpoints as part of Grafana:

  • The /saml/metadata endpoint, which contains the SP metadata. You can either download and upload it manually, or youmake the IdP request it directly from the endpoint. Some providers name it Identifier or Entity ID.
  • The /saml/acs endpoint, which is intended to receive the ACS (Assertion Customer Service) callback. Some providers name it SSO URL or Reply URL.

Assertion mapping

欧洲杯投注软件During the SAML SSO authentication flow, Grafana receives the ACS callback. The callback contains all the relevant information of the user under authentication embedded in the SAML response. Grafana parses the response to create (or update) the user within its internal database.

欧洲杯投注软件For Grafana to map the user information, it looks at the individual attributes within the assertion. You can think of these attributes as Key/Value pairs (although, they contain more information than that).

欧洲杯投注软件Grafana provides configuration options that let you modify which keys to look at for these values. The data we need to create the user in Grafana is Name, Login handle, and email.

An example is assertion_attribute_name = "givenName" where Grafana looks within the assertion for an attribute with a friendly name or name of givenName. Both, the friendly name (e.g. givenName) or the name (e.g. urn:oid:2.5.4.42欧洲杯投注软件) can be used interchangeably as the value for the configuration option.

Example SAML configuration

[auth.saml]
enabled = true
certificate_path = "/path/to/certificate.cert"
private_key_path = "/path/to/private_key.pem"
metadata_path = "/my/metadata.xml"
max_issue_delay = 90s
metadata_valid_duration = 48h
assertion_attribute_name = displayName
assertion_attribute_login = mail
assertion_attribute_email = mail

Troubleshoot SAML authentication

To troubleshoot and get more log information, enable SAML debug logging in the configuration file. Refer to Configuration for more information.

[log]
filters = saml.auth:debug